As the world literally burns and floods, it’s important to remember that individualism won’t really solve the climate crisis, especially compared to, say, wholesale dismantling of the brutal control the fossil fuel industry has on modern society. However, there are some individuals who could probably stand to do a little more to mitigate their carbon footprint – among them, the super-rich who frequent carbon-spewing private jets. (And let’s not even get started on yachts.)

While private jets are used by wealthy people of all stripes, their use among celebrities has come under scrutiny recently, with reports of the likes of Drake and Kylie Jenner taking flights that took less than 20 minutes. In response, sustainability marketing firm Yard produced a new report using data to rank the celebrities whose private jets have flown the most so far this year – and subsequently emitted the most carbon dioxide atmosphere.

Drake and Jenner both appear on the list, but aren’t really anywhere near the top, which is occupied by none other than Taylor Swift. According to the Yard, Swift’s plane flew 170 times between January 1 and July 19 (the window for the Yard’s study), totaling 22,923 minutes, or 15.9 days, in the air. This production has created total estimated emissions of 8,293.54 tons of carbon, which the Yard says is 1,184.8 times the total annual emissions of an average person. (At least one more flight can be added to that list, too: Flight tracker Celebrity Jets’ Twitter account notes that Swift’s plane took off today, July 29.)

“Taylor’s jet is regularly loaned out to other individuals,” says a spokesperson for Swift. Rolling Stone. “To attribute most or all of these trips to her is completely wrong.”

To create this report, Yard deleted data from Famous planes, which in turn pulls its information from the ADS-B Exchange (“the world’s largest public source of unfiltered flight data,” according to its website). Yard based its carbon emissions estimates on a UK Department for Transport estimate that an aircraft traveling at around 850km/h emits 134kg of CO2 per hour; that the 134 kg estimate was multiplied by the time spent in the air and a factor of 2.7 to calculate “radiative forcing”, which includes other harmful emissions such as nitrogen oxide (2.7 is taken from Mark Lynas’s book Carbon number). This number was then divided by 1000 to convert to tons.

(Since Yard’s study went viral, some have cast doubt on the firm’s methodology and accuracy, particularly when it comes to calculating carbon emissions.)

Following Swift’s plane on the Yard’s list was a plane belonging to boxer Floyd Mayweather, which emitted an estimated 7,076.8 tons of CO2 from 177 flights so far this year (one of those flights lasted just 10 minutes). In third place on the list was Jay-Z, though his placement comes with a caveat: The data released for Jay is related to Puma Jeta Gulfstream GV that Jay – creative director for Puma – reportedly convinced the sneaker giant to buy as a benefit to the athletes it supports.

While Jay-Z is not the only person flying on the Puma Jet, a Yard representative said: “We attributed the jet to Jay-Z in this case because he requested the Puma jet as part of his signing agreement to become the creative director of Puma basketball. Puma tail numbers are N444SC at Jay-Z’s request. N, the standard American private jet registration code, 444, referring to his album of the same name, and SC for his birth name, Shawn Carter. Without Jay-Z, this plane would cease to exist.”

The rest of the celebrities in Yard’s top 10 appear to own the planes that provided flight data for the report. For this purpose, however, it is impossible to say whether the specific owners are the ones traveling on these aircraft for each specific flight. For example, Swift actually has two planes that CelebJets tracks, and obviously, she can’t use both at once.

So, beyond the Jay-Z/Puma Jet, next on the Yard’s list is former baseball star Alex Rodriguez’s jet, which logged 106 flights and emitted 5,342.7 tons of CO2. And at the top of the five is a plane belonging to country star Blake Shelton, which has so far made 111 flights and emitted 4,495 tons of CO2. The rest of the Top 10 includes planes belonging to director Steven Spielberg (61 flights, 4,465 tons), Kim Kardashian (57 flights, 4,268.5 tons), Mark Wahlberg (101 flights, 3,772.85 tons), Oprah Winfrey (68 flights , 3179 tons). , and Travis Scott (54 flights, 3033.3 tons).

Replies to the other nine celebrities on Yard’s top 10 list were not immediately returned Rolling StoneRequest for comment.

As for the two celebrities who helped inspire Yard’s study: Kylie Jenner’s plane landed at No. 19 (64 flights, 1,682.7 tons), sandwiched between Jim Carey and Tom Cruise. And Drake’s plane came in at number 16 (37 flights, 1,844.09 tons), between golfer Jack Nicklaus and Kenny Chesney. While Jenner has yet to address her 17-minute flight, Drake responded to some criticism on Instagram by pointing out that no one was even on the seven-minute, 12-minute and 14-minute flights his Boeing 767 made during a six week. alignment. The explanation, in all honesty, does him no favours.

“That’s just them moving the planes to whatever airport they’re being stored at for anyone who was interested in the logistics … nobody gets that flight,” Drake said. (A representative for Drake did not immediately return calls Rolling Stone‘s request for further comment.)

This story was updated on 8/5/22 at 2:49 pm ET to include reference to some doubts that have been cast on Yard’s study and methodology.

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